Social Electricity Tariff: Discount on electricity bills for low-income families

Social Electricity Tariff: Discount on electricity bills for low-income families


The Social Electricity Tariff represents an essential public policy in Brazil, designed to offer a discount on the electricity bill for low-income families. This program is one of the pillars of the national effort to combat poverty and inequality, providing financial relief to millions of Brazilians who face difficulties in covering energy costs. electrical. This article aims to explore the importance of the Social Electricity Tariff, its operation, eligibility criteria and the positive impact it has on benefiting families.

What is the Social Electricity Tariff?

The Social Electricity Tariff is a program that offers a progressive discount on the electricity bill for low-income families, being an initiative regulated by the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL). The discount varies according to the family's monthly electricity consumption, reaching up to 65% for the first 30 kWh consumed and progressively decreasing as consumption increases. This program is a right guaranteed to all families that meet the eligibility criteria, aiming to ensure that access to electricity is fairer and more affordable.


Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for the Social Electricity Tariff, the family must be registered in the Single Registry for Social Programs of the Federal Government (CadÚnico) and have a per capita monthly family income less than or equal to half the national minimum wage. Furthermore, elderly people and people with disabilities who receive the Continuous Payment Benefit (BPC) are also entitled to the benefit, regardless of whether they are registered with CadÚnico. It is important that families keep their data updated in CadÚnico so as not to lose their right to a discount on their electricity bill.

How to Request the Benefit

The request for the Social Electricity Tariff must be made to the electricity concessionaire that serves the family's area of residence. The process is simple and requires the presentation of documents that prove eligibility, such as identity, CPF, last electricity bill, and Social Identification Number (NIS) or BPC number. Once approved, the Social Tariff is automatically applied to future electricity bills.


Positive Impact of the Social Electricity Tariff

The impact of the Social Electricity Tariff on benefiting families is significant. In addition to providing a direct reduction in monthly electricity costs, the program contributes to improving the quality of life, allowing these saved resources to be redirected to other essential needs, such as food, health and education. This discount on the electricity bill is, therefore, a way of promoting the social and economic inclusion of low-income families.

Challenges and Future Perspectives

Despite the success and importance of the Social Electricity Tariff, there are still challenges to be faced to expand the reach and effectiveness of the program. Many eligible families still do not use the benefit, either due to lack of information or difficulties in the application process. It is crucial that there are continued efforts by the government and energy utilities to promote the program and simplify application procedures.

Furthermore, the sustainability of the Social Electricity Tariff is a relevant topic, given the need to balance the program's costs with maintaining fair tariffs for all consumers. Initiatives aimed at energy efficiency and generation of energy from renewable sources can contribute to the financial sustainability of the Social Tariff, while at the same time promoting environmental awareness among benefiting families.


The Social Electricity Tariff is a vital initiative that plays a fundamental role in combating poverty and promoting social justice in Brazil. By offering discounts on electricity bills to low-income families, the program not only alleviates the financial burden of these families, but also contributes to their social and economic inclusion.

To maximize the impact of the Social Electricity Tariff, a joint effort is needed between the government, energy concessionaires and society, aiming to increase awareness about the program and facilitate access to the benefit. With these actions, we can hope that the Social Tariff continues to be a powerful tool for building a more fair and equal society.